Day in History – February 5: Jean Baptiste Bernadotte Becomes King of Sweden and Norway

On February 5, 1818 Jean Baptiste Bernadotte became King of Sweden and Norway as Charles XIV and II. Among all of Napoleon’s family members and generals, the dynasty he established is the only one that still reigns.

Jean Baptiste Bernadotte who became King of Sweden and Norway as Charles XIV and III

Jean Baptiste Bernadotte who became King of Sweden and Norway as Charles XIV and III

The future Swedish Monarch was born on January 26, 1763 in Pau, France. His parents were Jean Henri Bernadotte and Jeanne de Saint-Vincent. To distinguish from an elder brother (also called Jean), the boy was known as Jean Baptiste. He came from a family of lawyers and was expected to continue the tradition; however, Jean Baptiste rebelled and joined the Army.

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